Scilla nutans, bluebell, Garden Hyacinth, Hyacint,
Jacinthe d'Orient (French); Hyazinthe (German)
The flowers of the
Hyacinthus orientalis have
ten-inch spikes of star shaped flowers, commonly one spike
per bulb, accompanied by sword like green leaves.
It is not frost tender. It
is in flower from April to May. The scented flowers are
hermaphrodite and are pollinated by bees. The flowers have a
strong sweet fragrance that can fill the air for a
Easily grown in a well-drained sandy soil in full sun.
Prefers a moderately rich soil. The dormant bulbs are fairly
hardy and will withstand soil temperatures down to at least
Bulbs should be planted
out 7cm deep in October. The seed is best sown as soon as it
is ripe in a cold frame in a light sandy soil. If sown
thinly, the seedlings can be left in their pots for the
first year, though give them regular liquid feeds to make
sure that they get sufficient nutrient. Prick out the
seedlings about 3 to a pot and grow on for 1 - 2 more years
before planting out into their permanent positions when they
Division in the autumn.
Plant the small offsets 5cm deep. Larger bulbs can be
replanted direct into their permanent positions, but it is
best to pot up smaller bulbs and grow them on for a year in
a cold frame before planting them out when dormant in late
concrete and absolute by solvent extraction from the
An essential oil is also
obtained by steam distillation from the absolute. 1kg of the
oil is obtained from 6,000kg of flowers
Characteristics: a reddish
or greeny-brown viscous liquid with a sweet-green, floral
fragrance and soft floral undertone.
well with narcissus,
violet, ylang ylang, styrax, galbanum, jasmine, neroli and
with oriental-type bases
antiseptic, balsamic, hypnotic, sedative, styptic
alcohol, benzaldehyde, cinnamaldehyde, benzyl alcohol,
benzoic acid, benzyl acetate, benzyl benzoate, eugenol,
methyl eugenol and hydroquinone, among others
the Greeks described the fragrance of hyacinth as being
refreshing and invigorating to a tired mind.
It may also be used for
stress-related conditions and developing the creative
right-hand side of the brain
used in high-class perfumery, especially oriental/floral
The wild bluebell bulbs
are poisonous; however, the white juice used to be employed
as a substitute for starch or glue.
Most commercial hyacinth
oil is adulterated or synthetic
Part Used: Flowers.
Basic Powers: Love and
Sachets to ease
childbirth, protection, and a guard against nightmares.
Sniff the fresh flowers to relieve grief.
Fill the home with fresh
hyacinths to comfort the bereaved and assuage their grief.
A blue dye is obtained from the flowers.
The Element Encyclopedia of 5000
Spells, Judika Illes,
Harper Collins, 2004
The Illustrated Encyclopedia of
Essential Oils, Julia
Lawless, 1997, Element Books; ISBN: 1-56619-990-5
Scott Cunningham, Llewllyn Publications, 1982, ISBN:
Plants for a Future Database